Sustaining agricultural productivity depends on quality and availability of natural resources like soil and water. Agricultural growth can be sustained by promoting conservation and sustainable use of these scarce natural resources through appropriate location specific measures. Indian agriculture remains predominantly rainfed covering about 60% of the country's net sown area and accounts for 40% of the total food production. Thus, conservation of natural resources in conjunction with development of rainfed agriculture holds the key to meet burgeoning demands for foodgrain in the country. Towards this end, National Mission for Sustainable Agriculture (NMSA) has been formulated for enhancing agricultural productivity especially in rainfed areas focusing on integrated farming, water use efficiency, soil health management and synergizing resource conservation. NMSA will cater to key dimensions of 'Water use efficiency', 'Nutrient Management' and 'Livelihood diversification' through adoption of sustainable development pathway by progressively shifting to environmental friendly technologies, adoption of energy efficient equipments, conservation of natural resources, integrated farming, etc. Besides, NMSA aims at promoting location specific improved agronomic practices through soil health management, enhanced water use efficiency, judicious use of chemicals, crop diversification, progressive adoption of crop-livestock farming systems and integrated approaches like crop-sericulture, agro-forestry, fish farming, etc. NMSA will have following objectives:

NMSA has following four (4) major programme components or activities:


The National Food Security Mission is a centrally sponsored scheme has been launched in 2007. Government of India has allocated funds to the tune of Rs 17.23 crores during 2015-2016 for rice, maize, pulses and wheat crop. Himachal Pradesh has been included under this Mission to increase the production and productivity of Wheat, Maize, pulses and Rice. Under this Mission, 11 Districts in Wheat (except Shimla), 2 Districts Kangra & Mandi under Rice and 9 Districts Bilaspur, Chamba, Hamirpur, Kangra, Kullu, Mandi, Nahan, Solan and Una under Maize and all districts under pulses (For this Rabi season lentil & gram crops are selected in Bilaspur, Chamba, Hamirpur, Kangra, Sirmour, Solan ,Una , Mandi & Kullu Districts) have been selected in the State. The Mission provides assistance for laying cluster demonstrations, distribution of Certified Seed, Micro-Nutrients, Plant and soil protection material, liming of acidic soils, improved implements and machinery, introduction of IPM, INM and capacity building of the farmers. Besides this assistance would be available for water harvesting, Micro irrigation & pumping sets. A sum of Rs.1.65 crore have been approved for NFSM Rice & Rs.10.68 crore for NFSM Wheat and Rs.3.97 crore for NFSM Maize & Rs.92.84 lakhs for NFSM Pulses for the year 2015-2016. The Mission would be very helpful in increasing the productivity level of Rice, Maize, Pulses and Wheat. For smooth implementation of the Mission in the Districts the District level NFSM Executive Committees have also been constituted in all the districts. Objectives of this scheme: a. Increasing production of rice and pulses through area expansion and productivity enhancement in a sustainable manner in a identified district of the State. b. Restoring soil fertility and productivity at the individual farm level. c. Creation of employment opportunities. d. Enhancing farm level economy i.e. farm profits to restore the confidence among the farmers.


Concerned by the slow growth in Agriculture and allied sectors, the Government of India has launched a special Additional Central Assistance Scheme Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojna (RKVY). The RKVY aims at achieving 4% annual growth in the agriculture sector during the XI Plan period, by ensuring a holistic development of Agriculture and allied sectors. The scheme is being implemented in the State of Himachal Pradesh from the year 2007-08 to achieve envisaged annual growth rate. This scheme has also been continued by the Govt. of India during 12th Plan.


Agricultural Technology, including the adoption/ promotion of critical inputs, and improved agronomic practices were being disseminated under 17 different schemes of the Department of Agriculture & Cooperation during the XIth Plan. The Modified Extension Reforms Scheme was introduced in 2010 with the objective of strengthening the extension machinery and utilizing it for synergizing the interventions under these schemes under the umbrella of Agriculture Technology Management Agency (ATMA). NMAET has been envisaged as the next step towards this objective through the amalgamation of these schemes. National Mission on Agricultural Extension and Technology (NMAET) consists of 4 Sub Missions: (i) Sub Mission on Agricultural Extension (SMAE) (ii) Sub-Mission on Seed and Planting Material (SMSP) (iii)Sub Mission on Agricultural Mechanization (SMAM) (iv)Sub Mission on Plant Protection and Plant Quarantine (SMPP).