CENTRALLY SPONSORED SCHEMES
1. NATIONAL MISSION ON SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE (NMSA) [50:50]:
Sustaining agricultural productivity depends on quality and availability of natural resources like soil and water. Agricultural growth can be sustained by promoting conservation and sustainable use of these scarce natural resources through appropriate location specific measures. Indian agriculture remains predominantly rainfed covering about 60% of the country's net sown area and accounts for 40% of the total food production. Thus, conservation of natural resources in conjunction with development of rainfed agriculture holds the key to meet burgeoning demands for foodgrain in the country. Towards this end, National Mission for Sustainable Agriculture (NMSA) has been formulated for enhancing agricultural productivity especially in rainfed areas focusing on integrated farming, water use efficiency, soil health management and synergizing resource conservation. NMSA will cater to key dimensions of 'Water use efficiency', 'Nutrient Management' and 'Livelihood diversification' through adoption of sustainable development pathway by progressively shifting to environmental friendly technologies, adoption of energy efficient equipments, conservation of natural resources, integrated farming, etc. Besides, NMSA aims at promoting location specific improved agronomic practices through soil health management, enhanced water use efficiency, judicious use of chemicals, crop diversification, progressive adoption of crop-livestock farming systems and integrated approaches like crop-sericulture, agro-forestry, fish farming, etc. NMSA will have following objectives:
- 1. To make agriculture more productive, sustainable, remunerative and climate resilient by promoting location specific Integrated/Composite Farming Systems;
- 2. To conserve natural resources through appropriate soil and moisture conservation measures;
- 3. To adopt comprehensive soil health management practices based on soil fertility maps, soil test based application of macro & micro nutrients, judicious use of fertilizers etc.;
- 4. To optimize utilization of water resources through efficient water management to expand coverage for achieving 'more crop per drop';
- 5. To develop capacity of farmers & stakeholders, in conjunction with other on-going Missions e.g. National Mission on Agriculture Extension & Technology, National Food Security Mission, National Initiative for Climate Resilient Agriculture (NICRA) etc., in the domain of climate change adaptation and mitigation measures;
- 6. To pilot models in select blocks for improving productivity of rainfed farming by mainstreaming rainfed technologies refined through NICRA and by leveraging resources from other schemes/Missions like Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (MGNREGS), Integrated Watershed Management Programme (IWMP), RKVY etc.
- 7. To establish an effective inter and intra Departmental/Ministerial co-ordination for accomplishing key deliverables of National Mission for Sustainable Agriculture under the aegis of NAPCC
NMSA has following four (4) major programme components or activities:
- (i) Rainfed Area Development (RAD)
(ii) On Farm Water Management (OFWM):
RAD will adopt an area based approach for development and conservation of natural resources along with farming systems. This component has been formulated in a 'watershed plus framework', i.e., to explore potential utilization of natural resources base/assets available/created through watershed development and soil conservation activities /interventions under MGNREGS, NWDPRA, RVP&FPR, RKVY, IWMP etc.. This component will introduce appropriate farming systems by integrating multiple components of agriculture such as crops, horticulture, livestock, fishery, forestry with agro based income generating activities and value addition. Besides, soil test/soil health card based nutrient management practices, farmland development, resource conservation and crop selection conducive to local agro climatic condition will also be promoted under this component. A cluster based approach of 100 hectare or more (contiguous or non contiguous in difficult terrain with close proximity in a village/adjoining villages) may be adopted to derive noticeable impact of convergence and encourage local participation and for future replication of the model in larger areas. Supplementary support from this component will be admissible for gap-filling resource conservation activities under converging programmes. RAD clusters should have soil analysis/soil health card/soil survey maps to justify the interventions prposed and at least 25% of the farming system area will have to be covered under On Farm Water Management. Farming Systems recommended by ICAR's Contingency Plans and successful findings of NICRA projects shall also be considered in development of integrated project plan. Besides, creation and development of common property resources/assets/utilities like grain bank, biomass shredders, fodder bank, group marketing etc. will be encouraged under this component. The Government of India has approved work plan of Rs.1400 lakh for 2015-2016.
(iii) Soil Health Management (SHM):
OFWM will focus primarily on enhancing water use efficiency by promoting efficient on-farm water management technologies and equipment. This will not only focus on application efficiency but, in conjunction with RAD component, also will emphasize on effective harvesting & management of rainwater. Assistance will be extended for adopting water conservation technologies, efficient delivery and distribution systems etc. Emphasis will also be given to manage and equitably distribute the resources of commons by involving the water users associations, etc.. To conserve water on farm itself, farm ponds may be dug using MGNREGA funds and earth moving machinery (to the extent manual digging under MGNREGA is not feasible).
(iv) Climate Change and Sustainable Agriculture:
SHM will aim at promoting location as well as crop specific sustainable soil health management including residue management, organic farming practices by way of creating and linking soil fertility maps with macro-micro nutrient management, appropriate land use based on land capability, judicious application of fertilizers and minimizing the soil erosion/degradation. Assistance will be provided for various improved package of practices based on land use and soil characteristics, generated through geographical information system (GIS) based thematic maps and database on land and soil characteristics through extensive field level scientific surveys. Besides, this component will also provide support to reclamation of problem soils (acid/alkaline/saline). This component will be implemented by State Govt., National Centre of Organic Farming (NCOF), Central Fertilizer Quality Control & Training Institute (CFQC&TI) and Soil and Land Use Survey of India (SLUSI). Given the limitations, such as staff and infrastructure, faced by the department of agriculture at the field level, a Public Private Partnership Model may be adopted by states depending upon the private partner's strength in the field to ensure that the soil testing is done in time and in the numbers required. The private parties can be encouraged to set up soil testing labs in selected areas in the district. The Government of India has approved work plan of Rs.241.62 lakh for 2015-2016.
CCSAMMN will provide creation and bidirectional (land/farmers to research/scientific establishments and vice versa) dissemination of climate change related information and knowledge by way of piloting climate change adaptation/mitigation research/model projects in the domain of climate smart sustainable management practices and integrated farming system suitable to local agro-climatic conditions. The dedicated expert teams of technical personnel will be institutionalised within NMSA to rigorously monitor and evaluate the mission activities thrice in a year and will inform the National Committee. A consortium approach will be evolved with various stake holders including knowledge partners like State Agricultural Universities (SAUs), Krishi Vigyan Kendras (KVKs), Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) Institutes etc. by the State Government to provide single window service/knowledge provider system for the benefit of farming community. Financial support may be provided through States to institutionalize the concept and meeting supplementary developmental activities. Climate change related monitoring, feedback, knowledge networking and skill development will also be supported under this component through State Agricultural Universities, ICAR Institutes National/International Institutes, KVKs, Public/Private R&D Organizations etc. Awarding of Studies, Documentation & Publication, Domestic and Foreign Training, Workshops/Conferences etc. will be supported under this component.
2. NATIONAL FOOD SECURITY MISSION (NFSM) [50:50]:
The National Food Security Mission is a centrally sponsored scheme has been launched in 2007. Government of India has allocated funds to the tune of Rs 17.23 crores during 2015-2016 for rice, maize, pulses and wheat crop. Himachal Pradesh has been included under this Mission to increase the production and productivity of Wheat, Maize, pulses and Rice. Under this Mission, 11 Districts in Wheat (except Shimla), 2 Districts Kangra & Mandi under Rice and 9 Districts Bilaspur, Chamba, Hamirpur, Kangra, Kullu, Mandi, Nahan, Solan and Una under Maize and all districts under pulses (For this Rabi season lentil & gram crops are selected in Bilaspur, Chamba, Hamirpur, Kangra, Sirmour, Solan ,Una , Mandi & Kullu Districts) have been selected in the State. The Mission provides assistance for laying cluster demonstrations, distribution of Certified Seed, Micro-Nutrients, Plant and soil protection material, liming of acidic soils, improved implements and machinery, introduction of IPM, INM and capacity building of the farmers. Besides this assistance would be available for water harvesting, Micro irrigation & pumping sets. A sum of Rs.1.65 crore have been approved for NFSM Rice & Rs.10.68 crore for NFSM Wheat and Rs.3.97 crore for NFSM Maize & Rs.92.84 lakhs for NFSM Pulses for the year 2015-2016. The Mission would be very helpful in increasing the productivity level of Rice, Maize, Pulses and Wheat. For smooth implementation of the Mission in the Districts the District level NFSM Executive Committees have also been constituted in all the districts. Objectives of this scheme: a. Increasing production of rice and pulses through area expansion and productivity enhancement in a sustainable manner in a identified district of the State. b. Restoring soil fertility and productivity at the individual farm level. c. Creation of employment opportunities. d. Enhancing farm level economy i.e. farm profits to restore the confidence among the farmers.
3. RASHTRIYA KRISHI VIKAS YOJNA (RKVY) [50:50]:
Concerned by the slow growth in Agriculture and allied sectors, the Government of India has launched a special Additional Central Assistance Scheme Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojna (RKVY). The RKVY aims at achieving 4% annual growth in the agriculture sector during the XI Plan period, by ensuring a holistic development of Agriculture and allied sectors. The scheme is being implemented in the State of Himachal Pradesh from the year 2007-08 to achieve envisaged annual growth rate. This scheme has also been continued by the Govt. of India during 12th Plan.
a). Objectives of the scheme:
b). Area of Focus under RKVY:
- I. To incentives the states as so as to increase public investment in Agriculture and allied sectors
- II. To provides flexibility and autonomy to states in the process of planning and executing Agriculture and allied sector schemes,
- III. To ensure the preparation of agriculture plans for the districts and the states based on agro-climatic conditions, availability of technology and natural resources
- IV. To ensure that the local needs/ crops/ priorities are better reflected in the agricultural plans of the states
- V. To achieve the goal of reducing the yield gaps in important crops, through focused interventions
- VI. To maximize returns to the farmers in Agriculture and allied sectors
- VII. To bring about quantifiable changes in the production and productivity of various components in Agriculture and allied sectors by addressing them in a holistic manner.
- I. Integrated development of major food crops such as wheat, paddy, coarse cereals, minor millets, pulses & oilseeds.
- II. Activities related to enhancement of soil health and mechanization.
- III. Development of rain fed farming systems in and outside watershed areas.
- IV. Support to state seed farms and IPM. V. Strengthening of market infrastructure and marketing development.
- VI. Strengthening of infrastructure to promote extension services.
- VII. Activities relating to enhancement of horticultural production and popularization of micro irrigation systems.
- VIII. Animal husbandry and fisheries development activities.
- IX. Organic and bio-fertilizers and innovative schemes.
4. NATIONAL MISSION ON AGRICULTURAL EXTENSION AND TECHNOLOGY (NMAET) [50:50]:
Agricultural Technology, including the adoption/ promotion of critical inputs, and improved agronomic practices were being disseminated under 17 different schemes of the Department of Agriculture & Cooperation during the XIth Plan. The Modified Extension Reforms Scheme was introduced in 2010 with the objective of strengthening the extension machinery and utilizing it for synergizing the interventions under these schemes under the umbrella of Agriculture Technology Management Agency (ATMA). NMAET has been envisaged as the next step towards this objective through the amalgamation of these schemes. National Mission on Agricultural Extension and Technology (NMAET) consists of 4 Sub Missions: (i) Sub Mission on Agricultural Extension (SMAE) (ii) Sub-Mission on Seed and Planting Material (SMSP) (iii)Sub Mission on Agricultural Mechanization (SMAM) (iv)Sub Mission on Plant Protection and Plant Quarantine (SMPP).
(i) Sub-Mission on Agricultural Extension (SMAE):
(ii) Sub-Mission on Seed and Planting Material (SMSP) :
This programme is a major initiative towards revitalizing agricultural extension to make the extension system decentralized and demand driven. The scheme has been conceptualized on the basis of the policy framework for agricultural extension and experiences with the innovations in the technology dissemination component of the National Technology Project . Following key reforms are being promoted under the scheme; 1. Providing innovative restructured autonomous bodies at the district level (Agriculture Technology Management Agency) and at block level (Farmers Advisory Committee, Block Technology Team), which are flexible, promote bottom up and participatory approaches, are farmer driven and facilitate public-private partnership. 2. Convergence of line departments' programmes and operating on gap filling mode by formulating Strategic Research and Extension Plan(SREP) and Annual Work Plans. 3. Encouraging Multi-agency Extension Strategies involving inter-alia public/private extension service providers. 4. Moving towards integrated, broad-based extension delivery in the line with farming systems approach. 5. Adopting Group approach to extension (Operating through Farmer interest Groups (FIGs) & Self Help Groups (SHGs). 6. Addressing gender concerns (mobilizing farm women into groups, capacity building etc.) 7. Moving towards sustainability of extension services (e.g. through beneficiary contribution). One of the first tasks of the district level institutions is to facilitate the preparation of a Strategic Research and Extension Plan (SREP) of the district through participatory methodologies involving all the stakeholders and farmers. SREP becomes the basis for development of Block/District level plans. State Extension Work Plan is developed at the State level and it contains a consolidated activity-wise plan incorporating all the District Action Plans (DAPs) in the State and the State Level activities. In the year 2014-2015, Rupees 1125.30 lacs were spent. For 2015-2016 approved work plan is Rs. 1920.592 lacs. All districts have now been covered under this scheme.
(iii) Sub Mission on Agricultural Mechanization (SMAM):
Adoption of quality seeds is the most cost effective means for increasing agricultural production and productivity. The interventions included in the Sub-Mission ATMA GUIDELINES, 2014 will cover the entire gamut of seed chain from nucleus seed to supply to farmers for sowing and also to the major stakeholders in the seed chain and also provide for support for infrastructure to create an enabling environment for development of the Sector. SMSP also envisages strengthening of Protection of Plant Varieties and Farmers' Rights Authority (PPV&FRA) in order to put in place an effective system for protection of plant
(iv) Sub Mission on Plant Protection and Plant Quarantine (SMPP):
There is a strong correlation between farm power availability & Agriculture productivity. Therefore, sub Mission on Agricultural Mechanization will focus on farm mechanization. The Sub-Mission will mainly cater to the needs of the small and marginal farmers through institutional arrangements such as custom hiring, mechanization of selected villages, subsidy for procurement of machines & equipments, etc. The Government of India has approved work plan of Rs.149.62 lakh for 2015-2016
Sub-Mission on Plant Protection included in NMAET envisages increase in agricultural production by keeping the crop disease free using scientific and environment friendly techniques through promotion of Integrated Pest Management. Strengthening and Modernization of Pest Management Approach aims at this vital aspect of Plant Protection and also covers regulatory requirements of pesticides. The component on Strengthening & Modernization of Plant Quarantine facilities in India is regulatory in nature with the aim of preventing introduction and spread of exotic pests that are harmful to crops by regulating/restricting import of plant/plant products. Monitoring pesticide residues in food commodities and environmental samples is also included in this Sub-Mission. The component on National Institute of Plant Health Management (NIPHM) will promote environmentally sustainable Plant Health Management practices in diverse and changing agro-climatic conditions, pesticide management, and Bio-security through capacity building programmes. Farmers' skill trainings and field extension as contained in all 4 Sub Missions of NMAET (Viz. SMSP, SMAE, SMAM and SMPP) will be converged with similar farmer related activities going on through ATMA. Five tiered modes of extension carried out in broadcast or interactive electronic modes will also cut across extension activities in all the four Sub Missions.
5. MASS MEDIA SUPPORT TO AGRICULTURE EXTENSION [100% CSS]:
The primary objective of the scheme is to use television and radio with their massive penetration, as a vehicle for agricultural extension. Basically, the scheme is focusing on two initiatives: Doordarshan: The first is use of Doordarshan for infrastructure for providing agricultural related information and knowledge to farming community. It has two components (i) narrowcasting using high/low transmitters of Doordarshan (ii) regional and national agricultural programmes in terrestrial mode of transmission. Presently, Doordarshan Shimla is telecasting Krishi Darshan programme between 6.00 PM to 6.30 PM five days in a week. All India Radio: This component of scheme envisages use of FM transmitters of AIR to broadcast area specific agricultural programmes with 30 minutes radio transmission six days a week. Presently, half an hour, Kisanvani programme is being broadcast, six days a week from FM Dharamshala and Hamirpur.
6. KISAN CALL CENTRE:
Under this, farmers can get any information on agriculture by dialling toll free number 1800-180-1551 or 1551. The service is available from 6.00 AM to 10.00 PM on all days. This is 100% Centrally Sponsored Scheme.
7. CROP INSURANCE SCHEMES:
(A) Rashtriya Krishi Bima Yojna (RKBY):
The State Govt. has introduced this scheme from Rabi, 1999-2000 season. Crops covered are Wheat, Barley, Maize, Paddy, Potato and Ginger. 50% subsidy on premium is being provided to small and marginal farmers. The scheme is compulsory for loanee farmers and optional for non-loanee farmers. The scheme provides comprehensive risks insurance against yield losses viz. drought, hailstorm, floods and pests disease etc. The Agriculture Insurance Co. of India (AICI) is implementing the scheme. The farmers of the State can get benefit out of this programme. State and Government of India share the losses equally. From Rabi, 2007-08, the subsidy on premium has been raised from 10% to 50% to small & marginal farmers. Ginger crop of District Sirmour has been included in this scheme on pilot basis from Kharif, 2008. a) Objectives: 1. To provide insurance coverage and financial support to the farmers in the event of failure of any of the notified crop as a result of natural calamities, pests & diseases. 2. To encourage the farmers to adopt progressive farming practices, high value in-puts and higher technology in Agriculture. 3. To help stabilise farm incomes, particularly in disaster years. b) Farmers to be covered: The Scheme covers following groups of farmers: On a compulsory basis: All farmers growing notified crops and availing Seasonal Agricultural Operations (SAO) loans from Financial Institutions i.e. Loanee Farmers. On a voluntary basis: All other farmers growing notified crops (i.e., Non-Loanee farmers) who opt for the Scheme. c) Risks Covered: Comprehensive risk insurance will be provided to cover yield losses due to non-preventable risks, viz.: 1. Natural Fire and Lightning 2. Storm, Hailstorm, Cyclone, Typhoon, Tempest, Hurricane, Tornado etc. 3. Flood, Inundation and Landslide 4. Drought, Dry spells 5. Pests/ Diseases etc. d) Seasonality Discipline: The broad cut-off dates for receipt of proposals in respect of Non-loanee farmers will be as under : Kharif season : 31st July Rabi season : 31st December However, seasonality discipline may be modified, if and where necessary in consultation with State / UT and the Govt. of India. During Kharif 2015 season Potato crop has also been covered under the scheme.
(B) Pilot Weather Based Crop Insurance Scheme (WBCIS):
- In addition to this, from Rabi, 2008-09 season, tomato crop of District Solan has been covered under weather based crop insurance scheme for the first time. From the Rabi 2009-10 season, Rabi potato crop has also been covered under weather based crop insurance scheme in the Districts of Kangra and Una. During Kharif 2015 Potato crop has been excluded and two new crops i.e. Ginger and Peas have been covered under the scheme. Objectives: 1. To provide insurance coverage and financial support to the farmers in the event of failure of any of the notified crop as a result of natural calamities, pests & diseases. 2. To encourage the farmers to adopt progressive farming practices, high value in-puts and higher technology in Agriculture. 3. To help stabilise farm incomes, particularly in disaster years. Perils Covered: Following weather perils, which are deemed to cause" Adverse weather incidence", leading to crop losses, would be covered under the scheme; Temperature(Low temperature(frost), Chilling, High mean temperature, temperature fluctuation), Wind speed and Rainfall( deficit/excess). Seasonality Discipline: The broad cut-off dates for receipt of proposals in respect of Loanee & Non-loanee farmers will be as under : Kharif season : August, Rabi season : March-April.
8. BIOGAS DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMMES (100% CSS):
This is 100% Centrally Sponsored Scheme under which subsidy @ Rs.7000 per biogas plant of one cubic meter and Rs.11,000/- per biogas plant of two & above cubic meter capacity is being provided. So far, installation of 44,803 Biogas Plants in the State upto 31.03.2016 have been anticipated. The targets for construction of Biogas plants of 1500 No's and 300 No's during the period of XIIth Five Year Plan (2012-2017) and Annual Plan 2015-2016 have been fixed respectively.
9. AGRICULTURAL ECONOMICS AND STATISTICS:
Under this programme, three centrally sponsored schemes viz (i) Timely Reporting Scheme(TRS) for estimation of area and production of crops (ii) Improvement of Crop Statistics(ICS) for bringing quality in the land record data at grass root level and (iii) Estimation of Production of Commercial crops like Potato and Ginger. The estimation is done accordingly to statistical techniques. Production estimates on principal crops like Wheat, Barley of Rabi season and Maize, Paddy, Potato and Ginger crops of Kharif are released on the basis of results of crop cutting experiments conducted accordingly Random Sampling Method. The Director of Land Records is the agency in the State responsible for collection and release of area estimates, forecast report etc. This is a continued scheme for meeting salaries of the staff under Timely Reporting Scheme and the Scheme of Improvement of Crop Statistics. These schemes converted in to 100% CSS from the financial year 2008-09 onwards.
10. NATIONAL e-GOVERNANCE PLAN-AGRICULTURE [NeGP-A]:
Government of India has started a centrally sponsored scheme [CSS] "National e-Governance Plan -Agriculture [NeGP-A] in Department of Agriculture and Co-operation with outlay of Rs. 227.79 Crores. Department of Agriculture, Himachal Pradesh is the Nodal Department for the implementation of this Project in the State. Department of Horticulture, Animal Husbandry, Fisheries are the stakeholder Department of this Project.The vision behind the project is to create an environment conducive for raising farm productivity and income to global levels through provision of relevant information and services to stakeholders. Various IT initiatives/ schemes undertaken or implemented by DAC which are aimed at providing information to the farmers on various activities in agriculture value chain, will be integrated, so that farmers are able to make proper and timely use of available information. The information is intended to be provided to farmers through various channels including common service centres, internet kiosks and SMS's.State Government has constituted one State Empowered Committee and 12 District NeGP-A Implementation Teams for the implementation of this plan and fixed the roles and responsibilities of committees. The Ministry of Agriculture, Government of India has released funds to the tune of Rs.1,98,67,460 to the Department of Information Technology, Himachal Pradesh (SITEG) for the implementation of this project.